You probably know a little about the history and emergence of the internet, right? But in case we are not going to count here quickly, because the internet is what gives life to the web and vice versa.
Quickly telling the story of the internet.
The internet began to come to life during the cold war in order to protect American research information and communications from the Soviets. Initiated research and technological development in order to find a secure means of communication that would survive a nuclear attack, already in 1965 they successfully connected 2 distant computers with the concept of a galactic network to quickly access data from anywhere in the world. world. But the birth of the internet was marked by the creation of ARPANET, which was where the US government allowed research not only for the military but now for universities. And it was then that in 1969 there was a successful connection between the University of California and Stanford, months later 4 American universities were connected. And so the internet and many developments started to improve this fantastic and revolutionary means of communication.
The rise of the web
It was in this technological development scenario that Tim Berners-Lee created in 1989 the World Wide Web, the world wide web that we know today as the web or simply as www. This system was born to connect universities with each other so that academic work and research could be used mutually in an environment of contribution from the sides involved. This scientist is also responsible for the development of two indispensable tools for the Internet: the HTML code and the HTTP protocol.
Often for convenience and context, the internet and the web end up getting confused, because in most situations the web is the one that leads a person to access the internet.
As much as they get confused, the Web is not the Internet, they have different characteristics, and this difference is quite simple: the Internet is a network that connects millions of computers around the world, while the Web is one of the tools to access this network.
How does the World Wide Web (www) work?
It works as a hypertext document distribution system (HTTP) interconnected and accessible through a web browser connected to the Internet.
It was thanks to www that we were able to access the internet in this format that we use and we are increasingly developing. Before the web and browsers, the way to access the internet was very different from what we know today, it was through Unix, as shown in the image below.
Many researchers stated that after the creation of the web, the world would never be the same, and in fact it was not. In the 90s, connectivity was no longer exclusive and became available to everyone, since the internet, in addition to being already commercialized, was patent-free, so any type of online project could be created free of charge. The WWW played a very important role in this, as it was thanks to its access system with an easier and more dynamic graphical interface that it attracted the attention of many people to access the network and create their websites. From then on you must already imagine the success that was right? At the end of 1997, more than 200 thousand websites were created.
Today we do not imagine ourselves living without the internet, it integrates almost all of our daily activities, be it work, study or leisure. Not to mention that today it is the main and predominant form of communication that we use.
The web was the driving force for the internet to become the most popular and revolutionary means of communication. It has been causing several transformations in our society and in the way we behave in it, and this is only the beginning of major changes that lie ahead.
Our parents didn’t even dream about the internet, what will we see being created as a revolutionary in society ahead?